For diabetes type 1 there is no real causes for the condition but, there are risk factors that go along with the disease that increase the chances of you developing diabetes. There are certain known risk factors, these include a family history. Any child with a parent or siblings with type 1 diabetes have a slightly increased risk of development the condition. Another know risk factor is the genetic susceptibility. The presence of certain genes indicates an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. In some cases genetic testing can be done to determine if a child who has a family history of type 1 diabetes is at increased risk of development the condition.
Along with known risk factors, there are other possible risk factors such as viral exposure, exposure to Epstein-Barr virus, Coxsackie virus, rubella or cytomegalovirus may trigger the autoimmune destruction of the islet cells, or the virus may directly infect the islet cells. Another possible risk factor is low vitamin D levels. Recent research suggest that vitamin D may protect against type 1 diabetes for children. However, early intake of cow’s milk, a common source of vitamin, has been linked to an increased risk of type 1 diabetes. Other dietary factors such as drinking water that contain nitrated may increase the risk of diabetes type 1 along with the timing of the introduction of cereal into a baby’s diet also may affect a child’s risk of type 1 diabetes. One clinical trial found that between ages 4 and 7 months appears to be the optimal time for introducing cereal.